NO DOGS, NO ITALIANS. He started crying, sobbing, and weeping. Mountain. It began as an ordinary day in the DiMartino household. Restaurant à Charleroi. We had never seen our father sob. Ouvre à 18:00 demain. “That was the reason my father brought us to Belgium,” explains Sarina, “Employment. Everyone suffered for Marcinelle. Mises à jour. The personal destinies of several people, mostly Italian miners and their closed relatives and friends, struck directly or indirectly by the dreadful tragedy which occurred on August 8th 1956 in the coal mine at Marcinelle … I begin to choke. A mining wagon incorrectly positioned in the elevator cage struck an oil pipe and electrical cables when the elevator started … Sicily and the rest of Southern Italy, the Mezzogiorno as it came to be known, had always been poorer than the rest of the peninsula. The men, Italians, Belgians, Polish and Greek miners were trapped. Miners were treated like slaves, in unsanitary and unsafe conditions, for low pay. "Lunch excellent. On 8 August 1956, a major mining disaster occurred at the Bois du Cazier mine. The hanging room… Photo from the Museum at Le Bois du Cazier. Among the victims, there were 136 Italians, 95 Belgians, eight Poles, six Greeks, five Germans, five Frenchmen, three Hungarians, one Englishman, one Dutchman, one Russian and one Ukrainian. On the morning of August 8, 1956, a fire in the mine of Bois du Cazier caused 262 victimes. Visitors can enjoy all that Marcinelle has to offer including the parks, monuments, and museums. Mine de Rien, Rue du Cazier 11, 6001, Marcinelle. 1,431 were here. Recognizing the bodies was impossible even to the rescue workers that worked with them every day. [3], Of the 274 people working on that morning, only twelve survived. At the time of the incident, 274 people were working in the colliery Bois du Cazier, also known as Puits Saint-Charles. It was clear that they did not fit it: they were Italian. On August 8, 1956, eight-year-old Sarina DiMartino, her ten siblings and parents lived in the town of Charleroi, in Belgium. The sirens resonated and the pain and fury of the incident were felt miles away. For years, my mother regretted leaving Italy. The Marcinelle mining disaster (French: Catastrophe de Marcinelle) was a major mining accident which occurred at the Bois du Cazier coal mine at Marcinelle, Hainaut Province in Belgium on 8 August 1956. Marianna Randazzo, author of “Given Away, A Sicilian Upbringing” wrote for our magazine this touching and well-documented article, based on the true events that occurred on August 8, 1956 at the Boiz du Cazier Coal Mine in Belgium. Belgium was not their native home. Then she starts recalling the names of those men, and with each man’s name came a brief comment about their children or their mothers, or she recalled the color of their hair or eyes…”Some were just young boys,” she concluded. "Gîte appartement, grand pour 3/4, bien équipé, très clair, avec balcon de la cuisine sur petite rue calme, belle salle de bain ; tout est proche ; problème modéré de parking. Coal mine in Marcinelle; Coal mines in Pays Noir (Charleroi) Rue du Cazier (Marcinelle) 282 m. Food & Drink Shop. The mine was restored and converted into a museum in 2002. Publié le 15 nov. 2020. Do you know what they wrote above the signs in the bars and restaurants? We went back to work after the tragedy. With Wojciech Alaborski, Claudio Amendola, Giorgio Antonini, Elena Arvigo. Italians were told, ‘Go to Belgium, it’s good’. I walked through the Le Bois DuCazier Coalmines, which have since fallen silent, with Sarina DiMartino, the little girl who was eight years old on that fateful day. COVID, RESTRIZIONI E DISTANZIAMENTI, MA IL NATALE CHE VERRA’ SARA’ MERAVIGLIOSO! “Do you know how many Italians died?” Sarina asks. Numbers did not have to be erased like a name. “The whole town and soon the whole world was in an uproar, it was on the television set, people in Italy began to hear about it. Discrimination awaited them despite the pact Belgium made with Italy to lure mine workers. Restaurant spécialité : pâtes fraîches réalisées dans nos cuisines avec des oeufs et de la farine “They were treated no better than dogs.” For Sarina and her family, the story is never over. We were no better than the dogs? Intervista esclusiva con il pianista e compositore Arrigo Cappelletti. Most of the victims were immigrants. There were Sicilians like us,” she recalls. Imagine seeing that? A wrongly placed mining wagon on the elevator cage hit an oil pipe and indirectly the electricity lines. They were filthy before they even began. An exclusive interview with Erica Miner. Hôtesse invisible mais réactive au smartphone." Racconto di Bruno Pegoretti, SOGNANDO E RISOGNANDO Di Bruno Pegoretti. Thank God!” she clasps her hands and looks up at the heavens. REMBRANDT, CANALETTO E TIZIANO: LA MOSTRA A LONDRA ATTESA DA 45 ANNI, ROMA: AL VIA I TOUR VIRTUALI DELLA MOSTRA DI LEONARDO DA VINCI A PALAZZO DELLA CANCELLERIA, Museo d’Arte Cinese di Parma: nuovo allestimento per la mostra sulla mode nel mondo – Fino a giovedì 31 dicembre 2020. 677 m. Outdoors & Recreation. Mine de Rien. However, the Gas comes from everywhere. Restaurant spécialité : pâtes fraîches réalisées dans nos cuisines avec des oeufs et de la farine It was not sliced. The use of German prisoners of war became increasingly difficult and, in response, the Belgian government created various guest worker programs aimed at encouraging workers to travel to Belgium on work contracts. Some of the children had still not mastered the French language that was spoken in school in and in the town. The Bois du Cazier mine was located in the former at Marcinelle in the region around Charleroi known as the Pays Noir. The 60th anniversary of Belgium’s Marcinelle mine disaster offers a comparison between then and now. Tommaso Traetta debutta al Teatro Petruzzelli con Ciaccona da “Antigone”. After, it was like a graveyard. From “Murder in the Pit” to “Death by Opera,” to “Staged for Murder,” the birth of an operatic mystery trilogy. Vivere il Jazz. His grief frightened us terribly. During World War II, after the German invasion, Russian POW’s were used by the Nazis to work the Belgian mines. Sarina’s mother-in-law, 92 years old Signora Saietta, is one of the few survivors who worked in the Marcinelle mines in those days. Poetry is a way of knowing… Exclusive interview with author Louisa Calio. BUON ANNIVERSARIO, PAPERINO! Women workers. “The Italians were mistreated. The Le Bois DuCazier Museum has a cemetery-like character to it. They did not hide it. Bois du Cazier coal mine : 50°22'52.7"N 4°26'39.0"E. Musée de l'industrie - Bois du Cazier : 31 U 602696 5582070. Cemetery. Plaque d'interdiction de circuler dans la mine (Applicable dans les mines non gardées) Le portail d'entrée de la mine du Bois du Cazier de Marcinelle après rénovation Les médailles des mineurs qui ne sont pas revenus An appeal was lodged, and on 30 January 1961, the court gave the mine manager a six-month suspended jail sentence and a 2,000 Belgian franc fine (equivalent to €300 in 2006 after adjusting for inflation) and acquitted the other defendants.[6]. Restaurants near Musée du Verre - Charleroi, Marcinelle: (0.16 mi) Mine de Rien (0.96 mi) Sotto il Ponte (1.91 mi) Delphes (0.84 mi) Le Rhodini (2.11 mi) La bouche des gouts; View all restaurants near Musée du Verre - Charleroi, Marcinelle … “My parents did not allow us to attend the funerals, everyday they visited the homes of the families waiting for the dead. BBC Recommended for you Racconto inedito di Bruno Pegoretti, THE ADVENTURES OF CANARY TWEETY & CAT SYLVESTER. On the morning of August 8, 1956, a fire in the mines of Marcinelle resulted in 262 casualties. It was a concession of more than 875 ha, under Marcinelle, Couillet, Loverval and Gerpinnes. He worked in the mines, 12, 14 hours a day when he was young. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}50°22′52″N 04°26′36″E / 50.38111°N 4.44333°E / 50.38111; 4.44333, 50th anniversary of the catastrophe "Bois du Cazier" at Marcinelle coin, "Il y a 60 ans, au Bois du Cazier, "pas une seule famille n'a été épargnée, "News: Belgium remembers victims mining disaster Bois du Cazier", "Multicultural Policies and Modes of Citizenship in Belgium: The Cases Of Antwerp, Liège and Brussels", "How the justice system failed the Marcinelle dead", "Arrêté royal relatif à l'émission en 2006 de pièces commémoratives de 10 euros en argent et de pièces commémoratives de 100 euros en or", The Mine Disaster That Devastated Post-War Italy,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 19:57. They paid the few francs to take a shower, but the soot and the sweat and grime, still clung to their bodies. Mine De Rien. The Marcinelle Museum, tell of miners feeling so close to death they pinned names on themselves in the hopes of being recognized, brothers dying together, hand in hand and a miner’s notebook recording the atrocious circumstances of those final hours: “I did everything to get out of this hell. The colliers were not men; they were a number assigned to them on a small medallion. Photo by Marianna Randazzo. In Italy work was minimal, food scarce. 8 augustus 1956, 262 mijnwerkers komen om bij een brand in de mijn Bois du Cazier in Marcinelle, nabij Charleroi. “Pas d’Etrangers, pas d’enfants, and pas de bêtes.” No foreigners, no kids, no pets. After World War II, Europe had the arduous task of rebuilding itself. It was documented that between 1946 and 1956, over 740 had died in mining accidents. Intervista esclusiva con l’artista e scrittrice Raffaella Corcione Sandoval. The Argyle Sweater’s surrealistic view of life: An exclusive interview with cartoonist Scott Hilburn. Opportunity. In de kolenmijn Le bois du Cazier bij Marcinelle brak op 8 augustus 1956 brand uit. “PAPERINO, A DISNEYLAND UN PAPERO UNICO”. Smoke and carbon monoxide spread down the mine, killing all the miners trapped by the fire. (All corpses). Sarina and Marianna at Marcinelle. The tragedy marked the end of the arms trade / carbon between Italy and Belgium. 165 m Rue des Sarts. Coal reigned supreme in Belgium. Interviews were conducted by her with the relatives and friends of those affected by the tragedy in Charleroi, Belgium. Although increasingly struggling to compete with foreign competition, the Belgian economic miracle at the end of World War II gave renewed life to the coal industry which increasingly struggled to recruit miners within Belgium. The incredible ibex defies gravity and climbs a dam | Forces of Nature with Brian Cox - BBC - Duration: 3:53. A mining wagon incorrectly positioned in the elevator cage struck an oil pipe and electrical cables when the elevators started moving, causing a fire. The first such agreement was made with Italy in 1946. Marché De Gros. Police ... Bar. He gathered six of the oldest children around the table where a loaf of bread was placed. The Marcinelle mining disaster (French: Catastrophe de Marcinelle) was a major mining accident which occurred at the Bois du Cazier coal mine at Marcinelle, Hainaut Province in Belgium on 8 August 1956. After 15 days of rescue operations, the final verdict came: “Tutti cadaveri!”  All corpses. "Questo sito utilizza i cookies per il suo funzionamento clicca su OK per continuare", Magazine Archives January 1974-September 2013, Garibaldi-Meucci Museum’s Famous Italian Americans. Restaurant. Terracotta Memorial at Marcinelle. A nation waited… Photo from the Museum at Le Bois du Cazier. He carved a large cross into the bread and made us pray. From an altitude of 835, a wagon sheared the wires that carried the current, plunging into the darkness. The television kept showing the desperate families pressing against the gates, hoping and praying that the rescuers would pull out miners breathing from the rubble. My father had the last word on the matter.”   She continues with an expression that tells me that’s just the way it was. [4], The incident prompted Italy to demand better working conditions for the Italian guest workers in Belgium. Photo from the Museum at Le Bois du Cazier, “We left Italy for the “coal pact”. I feel that I am dying.”, The agony of waiting to know if your dear one is alive… Photo from the Museum at Le Bois du Cazier. Mine de Rien. It was excruciating to the families who knew their friends and loved ones were below. Then it slowed down to 8 hours. Their sacrifice is one of the darkest pages in the history of Italian emigration. Terril Nr 3 du Bois du Cazier. In 1955, its production rises with 171 kt/y for a manpower of 779 miners. PER GRAZIA RICEVUTA©. They were working 800 meters underground in the galleries. Mine de Rien, Rue du Cazier 11, 6001, Marcinelle. The real estate ads in all carried the same note: [2], Rescue operations continued until August 23 when the final verdict came from the mouth of a rescuer: "Tutti cadaveri!" I did not have the heart to ask her for a copy. Photo from the Museum at Le Bois du Cazier. The life stories of the coal miners are the last expressions of an era lived in suffering, without any pretentious heroism. SPERIAMO TROVI UNA UMANITA’ MIGLIORE! Most Belgians did not want backbreaking, filthy jobs such as mining, and a shortage of manpower had ensued. “It was all we had.” My job was to clean the clothes but they only cleaned them about one time a week. Papa had not yet left for his mining job at the colliery. As ordinary as any day could be with one father supporting a family of eleven children and one mother attending to all the chores, responsibilities and obligations of the home, children and husband. [7] The obverse shows a portrait of a miner, with the mine "Bois du Cazier" in the background. Magasin d'alimentation biologique Photo by Marianna Randazzo. The victim’s faces were blackened, bloated and disfigured. [1] An accident began at 8:10 AM when the hoist mechanism in one of the shafts was started before the coal wagon had been completely loaded into the cage. Afficher le menu Appeler le 0486 71 29 21 Itinéraire Obtenir un devis WhatsApp 0486 71 29 21 SMS au 0486 71 29 21 Nous contacter Réserver une table Prendre rendez-vous Commander. Italians had different customs, languages, and a lack of training in mining compared with the miners that preceded them. The site had two mine shaftsreaching 765 metres (… Restaurants near Musée du Verre - Charleroi, Marcinelle: (0.26 km) Mine de Rien (1.54 km) Sotto il Ponte (3.06 km) Delphes (1.34 km) Le Rhodini (3.38 km) La bouche des gouts; View all restaurants near Musée du Verre - Charleroi, Marcinelle … The moving cage also ruptured oil and air pipes which made the fire worse and destroyed much of the winch mechanism. “In ogni guerra sono le persone comuni a diventare vittime”. Barracks’ living quarters. The number of unemployed people was estimated to be about two million, and probably another two million were underemployed. The postwar years were brutal for Sicilian families, especially families as large as the DiMartinos. After 1898, the site was owned by the charbonnages d'Amercœur company and operated by the Société anonyme du Charbonnage du Bois du Cazier. Избери Entrées, Les pâtes courtes, Les pâtes longues, Plats de viandes или Plats enfants The opinions expressed in our published works are those of the author(s) and do not reflect the opinions of L'IDEA MAGAZINE, Idea Graphics or its Editors. They exchanged the number for a lantern as they descended into the mines. In today’s Belgium, Italians believe it was a disaster that could have been avoided. Избери Les gratinées, Les courtes, Les longues, Les desserts или Les vins “Tutti Cadaveri,” Sarina recalls, “The whole world was watching and crying. Sightseeing and Staying in Marcinelle Belgium, however, decided to recruit foreign workers from other countries more actively. Mine de Rien, Rue du Cazier 11, 6001, Marcinelle. In Italy, they knew how difficult it had been for their husbands, brothers and sons. Manda via ansia, stress e malinconia con i Fiori di Bach, Anguria: dolce e succosa, disseta, idrata e fa perdere peso, Come avere difese naturali più forti ed un corpo giovane con i cibi della salute, Cromoterapia: stimola la creatività e rilassa la mente con le qualità energetiche dell’azzurro. Yet, those were words we all understood.” Nobody could go back because the cages were locked as was the emergency elevator shaft. The closest major airport is in Charleroi (CRL-Brussels South Charleroi), 5.3 mi (8.5 km) from the city center. Vous découvrez différents plats de pâtes fraîches maison" The site is like a graveyard; garland and flowers everywhere. At the time of the incident, 274 people were working in Bois du Cazier, also known as Puits Saint-Charles. They knew, they knew,” she continues weeping softly, “That the miners trapped at the bottom, would never see the light of day again.”, Marcinelle worker. My comrades have already fallen to the ground, it is eight and ten. They did not all have running water. Free train tickets, promises of lodging, and a pact of free coal for Italy lured Italians to Belgium’s mines. It was concentrated around three mining basins in Hainaut, Liège and latterly Limburg provinces. Comandă online de la Mine de Rien prin Poster calling for Italian workers to go the mines of Belgium. Biocap Marcinelle. It’s a great privilege.” Exclusive interview with author Baret Magarian. Поръчай онлайн от Mine de Rien през My father went every day, he would not take us,” Sarina recalls. “Had it not been for other Italians like us, our family would not have housing. “Moving to a new country is a bit like being given a second life. Directed by Andrea Frazzi, Antonio Frazzi. Alege dintre Entrées, Les pâtes courtes, Les pâtes longues, Plats de viandes sau Les vins Intervista esclusiva con l’autore Michael Phillips. Поръчай онлайн от Mine de Rien през “That morning, August 8th, we knew something was wrong. In Sicily, unemployment was in an unbroken upsurge. My father did not know better,” she sighs with sadness. [5], In the resulting prosecution, the trial court acquitted all of the accused on October 1, 1959. The promise of steady work, however, kept the workers coming. 4.1K likes. All but 12 of the 274 miners in the Bois du Cazier perished on 8 August, 1956 in the southern town of Marcinelle, after a mining wagon, incorrectly placed in an elevator cage, struck an oil pipe and electrical cables, triggering a … In the morning, the poor souls had to put on filthy clothes. Despite’s Italy’s unification in 1861, the problems that existed were left unsolved and almost unchallenged for a hundred years. The history of coal mining on the site of the Bois du Cazier dates back to a concession awarded by royal decree on 30 September 1822; a transcription error caused the name of the site to be changed from Bois de Cazier. Visiting Marcinelle. Thank God. It was caused by an underground electric fire which trapped a large number of mineworkers, many of them guest workers from Italy, who died of smoke inhalation and carbon monoxide poisoning before they could be rescued. LE AVVENTURE DEL CANARINO TITTI & GATTO SILVESTRO, The World Seen Through a Dog’s Point of View. See 7 photos and 2 tips from 80 visitors to Mine De Rien. They knew that Italy had sold us out for a piece of coal.” 1,425 were here. In total, 262 miners were killed and it remains prominent in popular memory in Belgium. Mine de Rien. “Not even my brothers whom had they been a year or two older might’ve been buried in the rubble as well. “It was not clean,” she recalls the unsanitary conditions. Each man who went into the tunnels was well aware of the mining disasters that had claimed the lives of so many before them. “Italians were desperate for work, we were so many children.” Forest. Cimetière de Marcinelle. Italians helped each other,” she recalls. In the resulting prosecution, the trial court acquitted all of the accused on October 1, 1959. Grocery Store. The Marcinelle mine at the time of the tragedy. Il misticismo di “Ella e l’Albero di Mira”. Like the wave of immigrants that had once occupied the Little Italys of America, this massive family found comfort and solitude among themselves and others like them. When the elevator started moving a fire broke out in the mine trapping the miners working in the galleries of the mine. Photo from the Museum at Le Bois du Cazier, At Marcinelle, Italians were living in tin shacks; the same used by the Nazis as a labor camp and then by the Allies as a POW camp. When a miner quit or expired, the medallion was given to a new miner. They lived in the shacks because they were not wanted. An Exclusive Interview with Paul Gilligan, author of Pooch Café. La Messa da Requiem di Giuseppe Verdi a Bologna diretta dal Maestro Lorenzo Bizzarri. Favola per adulti, INCOMPRESO. The mine was reopened after the disaster. “There was a “hanging room” where the men changed from their work clothes to their home clothes. He told us something terrible had happened to the men in Marcinelle. “So many Christians [that is how Sicilians call people] died that day, I never allowed my sons to work in the mines; it was too dangerous. The Belgians did not like the poor and noisy Italians. They were considered more productive than the miners were. Electric cables ruptured, starting an underground fire within the shaft. We needed jobs,” she shares with me a photo of her husband in the mine. “The horses were better treated. My father would tell us not to look at the signs. I know my husband was one of them. I cried every day, but what could I do, I needed the job.”  Tears still flow freely from the old woman’s eyes. W W W … You can hear the echo of the pain and sorrow reflected in the photographs on the walls, and in the hearts of families like the Di Martinos. 1,179 m. Government Building. There are 132 hotels and other accommodations in the surrounding area. “136, more than half the men were Italians,” she recounts as if the incident had happened yesterday and not 58 years ago. Fire and flames flared up quickly. “Each title, competition, pageant, and experience has shaped me into the woman I am today.” Exclusive interview with Vincenza Carrieri Russo. Order food online at Mine de Rien, Charleroi with Tripadvisor: See 238 unbiased reviews of Mine de Rien, ranked #6 on Tripadvisor among 348 restaurants in … They did not want us here. 262 miners were killed, many of them guest workers from Italy. Bois de Loverval. Many of those men were his friends, some from our hometown in Sicily.” Sarina wipes the tear from her eye. 1,028 m. Centre de Délassement de … L’ANNO NUOVO E’ ALLE PORTE. As an Italian, a daughter, a part of history, she will always take it personally. The catastrophe had left such a legacy behind that it was selected as the main motif for a 2006 commemorative coin: the ten-Euro 50th anniversary of the catastrophe "Bois du Cazier" at Marcinelle coin. Italian Newspaper article announcing the tragedy of Marcinelle. Mine de Rien. 700 m Rue de la Gare. The Marcinelle Museum, tell of miners feeling so close to death they pinned names on themselves in the hopes of being recognized, brothers dying together, hand in hand and a miner’s notebook recording the atrocious circumstances of those final hours: “I did everything to get out of this hell. Coal mining was historically a major industry in Belgium and a major force during the era of the Industrial Revolution. If you didn’t come back to work, you could easily be replaced.”